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File:Carlruggles.jpg|400px|thumb '''Charles Sprague "Carl" Ruggles''' (March 11, 1876 – October 24, 1971) was an United States|American composer of the American Five group. He wrote finely crafted pieces using "Counterpoint#Dissonant counterpoint|dissonant counterpoint", a term coined by Charles Seeger to describe Ruggles' music. His method of atonality|atonal counterpoint was based on a non-serialism|serial technique of avoiding repeating a pitch class until a generally fixed number such as eight pitch classes intervened. He wrote painstakingly slowly so his output is quite small. Famous for his prickly personality, Ruggles was nonetheless friends with Henry Cowell, Edgard Varèse, Charles Ives, Ruth Crawford Seeger, and Charles Seeger. His students include James Tenney and Merton Brown. Conducting|Conductor Michael Tilson Thomas has championed Ruggles'...
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